deltadb_query - query historical data stored by the catalog server.


deltadb_query --db [source_directory] --from [starttime] --to [endtime] [--filter [expr]] [--where [expr]] [--output [expr]]


deltadb_query is a tool that examines and displays historical data of the catalog server. (If given the -H option, the catalog server will record historical data in a format known as DeltaDB, hence the name of this tool.) The results can be displayed as a stream of time-ordered updates or as summaries of properties across all records over time. This is useful for reporting, for example, the total resources and clients served by a large collection of servers over the course of a year.

A paper entitled DeltaDB describes the operation of the tools in detail (see reference below).


  • ----db=<path>
    Query this database directory.
  • ----file=<path>
    Query the data stream in this file.
  • ----from=<time>
    (required) The starting date and time of the query in an absolute time like "YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS" or "YYYY-MM-DD" or a relative time like 5s, 5m, 5h, 5d to indicate five seconds, minutes, hours, or days ago, respectively.
  • ----to=<time>
    The ending time of the query, in the same format as the --from option. If omitted, the current time is assumed.
  • ----every=<interval>
    The intervals at which output should be produced, like 5s, 5m, 5h, 5d to indicate five seconds, minutes, hours, or days ago, respectively.
  • ----epoch
    , Causes the output to be expressed in integer Unix epoch time, instead of a formatted time.
  • ----filter=<expr>
    (multiple) If given, only records matching this expression will be processed. Use --filter to apply expressions that do not change over time, such as the name or type of a record.
  • ----where=<expr>
    (multiple) If given, only records matching this expression will be displayed. Use --where to apply expressions that may change over time, such as load average or storage space consumed.
  • ----output=<expr>
    (multiple) Display this expression on the output.


The --filter, --where, and --output options all make use of the JX expression language, which is described here.

In addition, the --output clauses may contain one of the following reduction functions:

  • COUNT Give the count of items in the set.
  • SUM Give the sum of the values in the set.
  • FIRST Give the first value encountered in the set.
  • LAST Give the last value encountered in the set.
  • MIN Give the minimum value in the set.
  • MAX Give the maximum value in the set.
  • AVERAGE Give the average value of the set.
  • UNIQUE Give a list of unique values in the set.

(The UNIQUE function can be applied to any record type, while the other reduction functions assume numeric values.)

By default, reductions are computed spatially. This means the reduction is computed across the set of records available at each periodic time step. For example, MAX(count) gives the (single) maximum value of count seen across all records. A single value MAX(count) will be displayed at each output step.

If the prefix TIME_ is added to a reduction, then the reduction is computed over time for each record. For example, TIME_MAX(count) computes the maximum value of count over each time interval, for each record. TIME_MAX(count) will be given for each record at each output step.

Finally, if the prefix GLOBAL is added to a reduction, then it will be computed for all records across all time intervals. For example, GLOBAL_MAX(count) will display the maximum value of count seen for any record at any time. A single value GLOBAL_MAX(count) will be display at each output step.

For example, this:

--output 'UNIQUE(name)' --every 7d

will display all of the names in the database, at seven day intervals. However, it will not display records that are created and deleted between those seven day intervals. In comparison, this:

--output 'GLOBAL_UNIQUE(name)' --every 7d

will display all of the names encountered over the last seven days, at seven day intervals.


To show 1 week worth of history starting on 15 April 2013:

% deltadb_query --db /data/catalog.history --from 2013-04-15 --to 2015-04-22

To show all history after 1 March 2013:

% deltadb_query --db /data/catalog.history --from 2013-03-01

To show the names of fred's chirp servers where load5 exceeds 2.0:

% deltadb_query --db /data/catalog.history --from 2013-03-01 --filter 'owner=="fred" && type=="chirp"' --where 'load5>2.0' --output name --output load5

To show the average load of all servers owned by fred at one hour intervals:

% deltadb_query --db /data/catalog.history --from 2013-03-01 --filter 'owner=="fred" && type=="chirp"' --output 'AVERAGE(load5)' --every 1h

To show the project names of all Work Queue applications running at a given time:

% deltadb_query --db /data/catalog.history --at 2020-12-01 --filter 'type=="wq_master"' --output 'UNIQUE(project)'

To show the number of managers, tasks, and cores in use for all Work Queue applications:

% deltadb_query --db /data/catalog.history --from 2020-01-01 --to 2021-01-01 --filter 'type=="wq_master"' --output 'COUNT(name)' --output 'SUM(tasks_running)' -- output 'SUM(cores_inuse)'

The raw event output of a query can be saved to a file, and then queried using the --file option, which can accelerate operations on reduced data. For example:

% deltadb_query --db /data/catalog.history --from 2020-01-01 --to 2021-01-01 --filter 'type=="wq_master"' >
% deltadb_query --file --output 'COUNT(name)' --output 'SUM(tasks_running)' -- output 'SUM(cores_inuse)'

The Cooperative Computing Tools are Copyright (C) 2022 The University of Notre Dame. This software is distributed under the GNU General Public License. See the file COPYING for details.